Aquaculture and Its Benefits

The demand for fresh fish has grown over the years and we have also realized that the oceans cannot keep up with the demands. Aquaculture, which is the cultivation of marine and freshwater shellfish and finfish, can be considered as one of the solutions to this problem. This cultivation of molluscs, crustaceans and fish are done under controlled conditions. Aquaculture is catching up really fast in the food production sector and has been able to meet a large part of the demand. There are a lot of benefits that aquaculture has to offer and some of them have been discussed below.

  1. Improved economies: Aquaculture plays an important role in the economies of quite a few areas. Many economies have gone through a process of transformation due to aquaculture because a food resource has become an extremely competitive industry. This has added a whole new dimension to the benefits of this process.
  2. Job availability: The job market for wild fish harvesting is either stagnant or decreasing slowly. Aquaculture on the other hand creating a lot of job opportunities. Thanks to the growth in this sector, a lot of people have been recruited, including the ones who have lost their modes of income through wild fish harvesting. The creation of jobs contributes in a huge way towards the improvement of the economy.
  3. Dietary Requirements: Fish is the source of some vital micronutrients, proteins, minerals and fatty acids. The population is increasing each day thereby creating more and more demand for food. A certain portion of fish is required on a regular basis to lead a healthy life. Aquaculture keeps up with the rising demands and provides fish that are affordable and within the reach of the common masses. Therefore more people would be able to eat it and enjoy the health benefits offered by it.
  4. Decreased pressure on wild fisheries: The fisheries of the world are steadily reaching unhealthy and unsustainable levels. A growing aquaculture sector has the ability to decrease the pressure on wild fisheries provided that the market demand for farmed fish is equal or greater than the demand for wild fish.

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